Nairobi is Kenyas largest city with a population of nearly 4 million people. The Assessment
focuses on Mathare, a network of informal settlements in Nairobi covering 3 sq km with a population of approximately 200,000
people. One of the most densely populated areas of Nairobi, Mathare is characterized by limited public services, such as water,
sanitation, health and education.
Crime and violence, alcohol and substance use, violence against women and girls, and lack
of essential services were identified by participants as their main concerns. Concerning crime and violence, most respondents
during the assessment period from February to July 2020 felt that muggings, robberies, murder, and defilement of children
were the most committed crimes in Mlango Kubwa.
With regard to alcohol and substance use, respondents reported that the most used substances
in Mlango Kubwa are mainly alcohol, illicit brew, and marijuana. Respondents also highlighted that other drugs such as heroin,
cocaine, and phenobarbital use have increased over the years. Those most vulnerable in the community are children and youth
due to the normalization of drug and alcohol use the result of which is drug use from a young age.
Concerning violence against women and girls, respondents reported the most prevalent forms
included physical abuse, sexual assault, and domestic violence. Respondents felt that there has been a reduction in violence
against women and girls over the past few years due to sensitization programs run by the government and non-governmental organizations.
However, they felt that it was still a major problem in the community and more programs were required. With regard to essential
services, lack of piped water, improper refuse collection, and poor housing, which have a direct impact on health, were identified
as being of significant concern to the community.