The international community has recognized the links between illicit financial flows and terrorism. Consequently, there has been a growing need to consider the crosscutting aspects of money laundering on matters relating to Countering the Financing of Terrorism (CFT).
The Programme includes six progressively advanced courses. These courses are adapted according to local needs and reflect current threats and local operating procedures.
The courses are:
- CFT Foundation Course
- CFT Analysis Course
- CFT Basic Investigator Course
- CFT Enhanced Investigator Course
- CFT Financial Disruption Course
- CFT 1267/1988 Sanctions Course
- CFT 1373 Sanctions Course.
Participants are trained using localised scenarios covering strategic risks to national security including terrorism and associated threats from transnational organized crime and corruption. The training can be delivered with a train-the-trainer element so that participants can deliver and share newly acquired knowledge and skills in their organizations. The intended audiences are members from law enforcement agencies, FIUs, intelligence agencies and AML/CFT policy bodies.
The courses allow participants to:
- understand the basics of CFT
- acquire in-depth knowledge into the integral and core role of a financial investigation in counter-terrorism operations
- understand the financial requirements of terrorist organizations and the opportunities these present for disruption
- understand and apply a number of analytical and investigative techniques in a practical environment
- acquire in-depth knowledge of the UNSC 1988 Sanctions regime and mechanisms, as well as practicing the listing and delisting processes
- develop their skills and knowledge with introductory and advanced modules.
2. UNSC Sanctions Training Course
Since the adoption of resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1988 (2011), the United Nations Security Council has developed a complex regime of sanctions against individuals and entities associated with terrorist groups.
These UNSC sanctions require Member States to freeze the assets of, and apply a travel ban to, listed individuals and entities. UN entities have jointly developed a three-day UNSC Sanctions training course aimed to enhance practitioner knowledge of this regime and their capacity to implement it effectively. In so doing, the course allows participants to acquire in-depth knowledge of the listing and delisting processes. The 4-day training is delivered to Law Enforcement Agencies, Intelligence Agencies, FIUs, prosecuting authorities and Foreign Ministries. This training course has been integrated into the wider CFT and Financial Disruption packages offered by GPML.
3. Financial Disruption Training Package
The Financial Disruption Training Package provides technical assistance to Member States to significantly reduce illicit financial flows by delivering cost-effective disruptions against the business model of criminal and terrorist organizations.
The five-day training workshop is delivered to Law Enforcement Agencies, Counter-Terrorism Units, FIUs and AML/CFT decision-makers to equip these professionals with financial disruption tools at national, regional and international levels. The training is tailored to the needs of each country by targeting specific types of crime and associated illicit financial flows.
The training materials include:
- Financial Disruption Workbook: provides decision-makers with a simple framework to plan financial disruptions. A practical workbook to focus disruption planners on understanding the business model of a criminal/terrorist network, identifying vulnerabilities, key partners and capabilities, considering risks, synchronizing disruption effects and planning and conducting operational reviews
- Financial Disruption Toolkit: provides a simple process map and template for Member States to create and publish an unclassified manual that shows the full range of information collection options and financial disruption opportunities
- Financial Disruption Companion: collates Member State and private sector best practice in the various stages of financial disruption planning. Includes specific cases, policies, supporting legislation, examples of information sharing structures and joint operational techniques
- Financial Disruption Training: modules on specific aspects of the Financial Disruption methodology provided to Member States in the context of a train-the-trainer programme, including using UNODC’s goLearn online/e-learning platform;
- Financial Disruption Exercises: provide scenarios on a range of criminal and terrorist threats against which Member States can practice and test their financial disruption capabilities either at national, regional or international levels. Such scenarios include terrorism, drug trafficking, major fraud, corruption, human trafficking, environmental crimes, proliferation financing and nexus networks combining several threat activities.
4. Cryptocurrency Investigation Course
GPML has developed a unique Cryptocurrency Investigation course. GPML delivers this training as an awareness-raising course or as an in-depth course. It can also be delivered as a component of wider training programmes for law enforcement officers or financial analysts. The overall objective of this course is to enhance Member State ability to efficiently investigate and prosecute criminal cases involving cryptocurrencies.
GPML's three-day Cryptocurrency Investigation Training grows the capacity of participants to:
1. conduct cryptocurrency tracing as part of a financial investigation and ensure their effective confiscation
2. understand where and how to ask for more information and how to collaborate internationally on casework
3. understand the global landscape of cryptocurrency services and how it can be influenced by existing regulations
4. learn how cryptocurrency-related compliance and due diligence can be conducted
5. analyze transactions, infer and identify criminality and geo-locate criminals exploiting cryptocurrency (in-depth training course).
A 2-day open source intelligence training course to build comprehensive skills on investigating DARKNET illicit markets can be added to the standard course.
5. Counter-Cash Courier Training
The counter-cash courier training course provides an opportunity for national practitioners engaged in border control to develop their knowledge and skills for monitoring and identifying cross-border transportation of cash and bearer negotiable instruments.
The training assists Member States to implement FATF Recommendation 32 on cash couriers. GPML is also available to assist national border control agencies in the development of an Operations Manual for border control officers. This Manual serves as a guide on all elements of monitoring and interdiction of cash and bearer negotiable instruments at the border.
6. Financial Investigation (AML/CFT) Training Course
The GPML Financial Investigation course provides in-depth training for national financial investigators and prosecutors in current methods and practices used to develop and conduct financial investigations. It has a practical focus and is customized to reflect legal and procedural processes in the country of training. This course also raises awareness of the methods used in money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Participants are taught about the legislative aspects of financial crime and their respective mandates, powers and authorities to investigate financial crimes. They learn to plan and conduct an AML/CFT investigation based on current best practice and methodologies. Coursework focuses on the importance of national coordination, as well as regional and international cooperation when investigating money laundering and financing of terrorism cases.
The five-day course also addresses the relationship between financial investigators and prosecutors to ensure that financial investigators are able to gather and develop high-quality information for presenting money laundering and terrorist financing charges to the courts.
7. FIU Analyst Training Course
The FIU analyst course provides training to FIU analysts in current methods and practices used to develop and analyze financial intelligence. The Course focuses on the identification and analysis of suspicious transactions relating to money laundering and terrorism financing. The participants develop their analytical techniques and learn the methodology behind writing effective and accurate intelligence reports. They learn how information is collected, from what sources, and what tools are used to develop information into financial intelligence.
The course also addresses the relationship between the FIU and the national agencies responsible for investigating money laundering and the financing of terrorism with the goal of ensuring that the FIU is able to provide high-quality and usable information to these agencies.
8. AML/CFT Trainer Development Programme
This train-the-trainer programme strengthens the AML/CFT training capacities within key national law enforcement and prosecutor training institutions. The overall objective is to provide key national law enforcement and prosecutor training institutions with the skills to independently deliver current, high-quality, ongoing AML/CFT related training to law enforcement officials and prosecutors. The Programme aims to:
- develop curriculum and training modules to be used by national training institutions to train police and prosecutors in AML/CFT; identify and train expert trainers (police academy lecturers and operational specialists) in methods of the delivery of AML/CFT subject matter.
- create a pool of national AML/CFT experts capable to deliver training in line with scientifically proven Adult Learning Methodologies; and increase the operational capacities of Member State agencies to effectively investigate and prosecute money laundering and terrorist financing.
GPML delivers this Programme through a series of four technical workshops tailored to country-specific requirements.
9. Open-source Intelligence (OSINT) Training Courses
OSINT Fundamentals – The course provides financial intelligence professionals with a rigorous introduction to the skills needed to be an effective OSINT practitioner. Participants are shown how to exploit OSINT in an efficient, timely, reflective and safe manner. They gain a comprehensive understanding of the information available to them online, while also learning how to increase their productivity. Participants are shown how to identify and manage their information needs; how to effectively search and monitor the internet; how to maintain their privacy and security online and how to use social media intelligence (SOCMINT), to expand the scope of their research and investigations.
Advanced OSINT Course – This three-day course builds on the content of the fundamentals of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) training. It gives participants an opportunity to refresh and practice the OSINT skills they have already acquired. It also provides them with additional research competencies, specifically on how to investigate organisations, individuals, and websites. Guidance will also be given on how to gather geospatial information using open source maps and satellite imagery and how to work with the Deep Web and Dark Web. The course not only teaches participants how they can use specific tools and techniques but also provides them with a sustainable set of skills. This includes the ability to discover and index web resources that are specific to their country or region. In addition, special attention will be given to the legal, ethical, and privacy-related issues relevant to online investigations.