The international community has repeatedly expressed its concern with the negative impact of the proliferation of illicit
firearms in societies whether at peace or in times of war. The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ)
and the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (COP) urged Member
States to ratify and fully implement the Convention and its Protocols, and requested UNODC to assist Member States in this
endeavour, inter alia through the provision of legislative advise and legal drafting support, technical assistance, training
and capacity building activities aimed at strengthening the capacities of States to respond to the challenges and threats
posed by transnational organized crime, as well as through the development of specialized legal and operational tools. By
its decision 4/6 and resolutions 5/4 and 6/2, the COP further urged States Parties to the Protocol to strengthen their national
legislation in a manner consistent with this instrument, and requested UNODC to support States and facilitate technical assistance
for the implementation of the Protocol.á
To this end, the Implementation Support Section (ISS) of the Organized Crime and Trafficking Branch (OCB), created in 2011
theáGlobal Firearms Programme (GFP).
Five Pillars and Cross Cutting Issues
Through the Global Firearms Programme, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime is assisting governments to address
the issue of illegal manufacturing of and illicit trafficking of firearms, and firearms-related criminality through a holistic
and integrated approach based onáfive main pillars and cross cutting issues.