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Transnational organized crime

Transnational organized crime 

The presence of organized crime (OC) represents a specific threat to the establishment and furthering of the rule of law in countries around the world, including the region of the Western Balkans. OC hampers the rule of law in a number of ways: by representing a direct threat to security and safety of citizens, by challenging law and public authorities - in primis law enforcement and criminal justice institutions - thus creating a climate of diminished public trust but also by distorting public goods and policy-making through the use of illegal means such as corruption or extortion.

An important step to strengthening policies against organized crime is to improve the understanding of its scope and of the ways it operates. While progress has been made in identifying promising approaches to investigate OC on the basis of quantitative and qualitative evidence, it is clear that further work is needed to make the statistical and analytical profile of OC less blurred. The MACRO project serves to further strengthen and enhance existing measurement and assessment of organized crime in the region and will work to provide a complementary evidence base to current initiatives.

In order to better understand the nature and dynamics of organized crime in the region, MACRO activities include developing a statistical and conceptual framework for measuring and monitoring organised crime, establishing a mechanism to collect available data and to develop a consolidated methodology to produce regular analytical reports on OC in the region, focusing on trends and patterns of illegal activities by OC, including on their economic value, on the modus operandi of organised criminal groups and on the response of criminal justice systems to OC. These activities will strengthen existing efforts in the region to fight organized crime.

The final output of the MACRO project is the below regional report. 


Measuring Organized Crime in the Western Balkans


Brochure on Measuring and Assessing Organized Crime in the Western Balkans


Research Brief




Transnational Organized Crime in the Pacific: A Threat Assessment - English, 2016
The Afghan Opiate Trade and Africa - A Baseline Assessment - English, ???????, 2016
Drug Money: the illicit proceeds of opiates trafficked on the Balkan route - English - ???????, Executive summary, 2015
Afghan opiate trafficking through the southern route - Full report 2015
Impacts of drug use on users and their families in Afghanistan - Full report 2014
The Illicit Drug Trade through South-Eastern Europe - Full report 2014
Transnational Organized Crime in Eastern Africa: A Threat Assessment - Full report 2013
Transnational Organized Crime in East Asia and the Pacific: A Threat Assessment - Full report 2013
Transnational Organized Crime in West Africa: A Threat Assessment - English, Français, Português, 2013
Misuse of Licit Trade for Opiate Trafficking in Western and Central Asia: A Threat Assessment - English, ???????, 2012
Transnational Organized Crime in Central America and the Caribbean: A Threat Assessment - Executive summary English, Español, - Full report English, Español, 2012
Opiate flows through Northern Afghanistan and Central Asia: A Threat Assessment - English, ???????, Farsi, 2012
Organized Crime and Instability in Central Africa: A Threat Assessment - English, Français, 2011
Estimating illicit financial flows resulting from drug trafficking and other transnational organized crimes, 2011
The Global Afghan Opium Trade: A Threat Assessment - English, Resumen Español, ??????? 2011
Research paper: The Transatlantic Cocaine Market, 2011
The Globalization of crime - A transnational organized crime threat assessment, 2010
Crime and instability: case studies of transnational threats, 2010
Addiction, crime and insurgency - the transnational threat of Afghan opium, 2009
Transnational Trafficking and the Rule of Law in West Africa: A Threat Assessment, 2009
Drug Trafficking as a Security Threat in West Africa - English, Français, PortuguêsThe Threat of Narco-trafficking in the Americas, 2008 - English, EspañolCocaine Trafficking in West Africa: The threat to stability and development
(with special reference to Guinea-Bissau) 2007 - English, FrançaisOrganized Crime and Irregular Migration from Africa to Europe, 2006 - English, Français

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